History of Melaka


Melaka was established by Parameswara


The first official Chinese trade envoys arrived in Melaka.


Plausible date of the arrival in Melaka of Admiral Zheng He (Cheng Ho), commander of the Chinese Imperial Fleet, on the first of his 7 voyages to the Indian Ocean.


Parameswara travelled to China with an entourage of 540 and met the Ming Emperor. The same year, he embraced Islam and changed his name to Raja Iskandar Shah.


Sultan Muzaffar Shah, Parameswar's great-grandson, begun his reign. Under his strong rule, Melaka prospered. He established Islam as a state religion and defeated the Thais in the battle near Muar.


Tun Perak was appointed as Bendahara. Serving four Sultans, he was responsible for the rise of Melaka to power in South East Asia at sea.


Sultan Mansur Shah succeeded Muzaffar Shah. Admiral Zheng brought the Chinese Princess Hang Li Po as the Sultan's wife.


Portuguese explorer, Diego López de Sequiera, captain of the first Royal Portuguese trading expedition arrived in Melaka. His fleet was attacked by the Malays, but he escaped leaving behind 20 men as prisoners.


The Portuguese armies, led by Alfonso Albuquerque, captured Melaka. A 'Famosa, a stone fort, was constructed around of St. Paul Hill. Within this fortress, the governor and bishop's palaces, a college and other public buildings were constructed.


St. Francis Xavier visited Melaka on the first of his four sojourns, as a base in the East. He tried to get permission to travel to China from here.


The first school in Melaka, St. Paul's College, is founded by St. Francis for Portuguese Catholics and newly-converted natives.


Johor Malays launched a land and sea assault on Melaka, which was stopped by Portuguese reinforcements from Goa. The Portuguese struck back by looting and burning down the capital of Johor to the ground.


The first Dutch fleet arrived at Melaka under the command of Cornelis Matelief de Jonge. An attack was staged with the aid of Johor. After a 3-month siege, Portuguese reinforcements arrived from Goa and the assault was successfully halted.


The Dutch captured Melaka in Johor with the aid of the Malays. The town, decimated by battle, was rebuilt and the fortifications strengthened.


The Temple of Cheng Hoon Teng was constructed by Kapitan China, Li Kup. It is actually the oldest Chinese temple in existence in Malaysia.


The Stadhuys, the residence of the Dutch governor and his retinue was built.


St. Peter's Church, the oldest operating Christian church in Malaysia, was founded after the restoration of freedom of religion to the Catholics in the Netherlands.


After 12 years of construction, Christ Church, the Dutch church next to the Stadhuys was completed.


Melaka was briefly held by the British EIC during the Napoleonic Wars to keep her from falling into French hands. Governor William Farquhar ordered the demolition of the fort in order to move the population to the Penang settlement. Although the devastation was halted at midway between Sir Stamford Raffles (founder of Singapore), only the gateway was saved. The Vienna Treaty was signed at the end of the Wars. Melaka was returned to the Dutch.


The Anglo-Dutch Treaty was signed. Dutch trade Melaka with the British in exchange for Bengkulu / Bencoolen (Sumatra). Melaka and Sumatra are officially divided.


The Straits Settlements of Penang, Melaka and Singapore were established by the British.


The Straits Settlements becomes a Crown Colony under the Colonial Office.


The fountain of Queen Victoria was constructed in celebration of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee.


World War II-Japanese invaded Malaya and takeover Melaka from British.


Japanese retreated; Melaka was handed back to British hands.


Malaya's internal war against Communism (The Emergency) begun and lasted for 12 years.


Tunku Abdul Rahman, declared the imminent independence in front of 50,000 people gathered in Padang Pahlawan, Melaka.


Malaya gains independence. The last British Resident Commissioner of Melaka, H.G. Hammett hands the instrument of independence to the first local governor on 31st August.


After the death of Abdul Razak, Tun Hussein Onn became Malaysia 's third prime minister. His term of office is marked by efforts to promote cohesion among the diverse communities of Malaysia.


Penang and Malacca City became a cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site, citing as the Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca.