Malacca (or Melaka in Malay) is undoubtedly the most interesting city in Malaysia from a historical perspective. While Malaysia dire sites and monuments full of history compared to its South Asian neighbors, Malacca is a cultural oasis with a rich colonial past. Successively colonized by the Portuguese, the Dutch and the English, the city guard these times many buildings of European inspiration and a certain architectural style. There are various things to do and places to visit in Melaka. But the city is also linked with various interesting facts to know.
Malacca was founded by Parameswara, the last king of Singapura who ruled from 1389 to 1398, and then fled after an invasion in 1398.
The Portuguese captured Malacca is 1511 when General Alfonso de Albuquerque sailed from Goa to Malacca with a force of some 1200 men and seventeen or eighteen ships.
Then in 1641, with the help of the Sultan of Johore, the Dutch defeated the Portuguese, and then ruled Malacca from 1641 to 1798.
The majority religion of Malacca is Muslim (66 percent) with nearly 25 percent Buddhist, 5 percent Hindu, and 3 percent Christian.
St. Peter’s Church, constructed in 1710 under Dutch rule, is the oldest Catholic church in Malaysia. Its bell was delivered from Goa in 1608.
The Malacca Zoo is the second largest zoo in Malaysia with 54 acres and more than 1,200 animals.
The state of Malacca is 642 square miles in size, with a population of 821,110 (as of 2010,) with 63 percent Malays, 25 percent Chinese, 6 percent Indians, and small communities of Kristang (people with partial Portuguese ancestry) and a small community of Eurasians with Dutch ancestry.